Around 75 years ago, on the remembrance date 15th August 1947. Indians became free from the rule of Britishers after decades, thousands of revolts, protests, movements and other activities. We only got independence because of the revolutionary leaders who fought for the independence of the nation, sacrificed their lives for the country. Let’s know more about their life and history in achieving the independence of India. Today we are going to talk about some of the most important and brave Freedom Fighters and their struggle to make our country free from the British government.
Here are the Freedom Fighters who fought against the Britishers for the independence of the country.
Subhash Chandra Bose
One of the greatest Freedom Fighters of India. Bose was the leader of a radical youth wing of Congress from the early years of the 1920s to the 1930s. Bose also started the Indian National Army with the help of the Japanese and was able to make a portion free from the Britishers. Bose was born on January 23rd, 1897 and in 1945, It is believed that he had died in a Plane crash but still his death is a mystery.
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel was a senior leader in the Indian National Congress. He was very famous for his immense contribution to the Independence Struggle of the country. He was born on October 31st, 1875. Patel is known as the Iron Man Of India because of his brain behind the integration of the country into a united nation. After independence, he served as the Deputy PM and the first Home Minister of the country.
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Lal Bahadur Shastri joined the Non-Cooperation Movement at the age of 16 only after a call from Mahatma Gandhi. Shastri was the most proactive Freedom fighter of India. He was a part of different movements against Britishers such as the Civil Disobedience Movement, Quit India Movement and all the satyagrahas which were all led by Mahatma Gandhi. After the Independence of India, he first became the Home Minister and later served as the Prime Minister of the Country in 1964.
The father of the nation Mahatma Gandhi is known for his non-violent leadership qualities and values. He has started different movements against the Britishers such as Civil Rights Activists in South Africa, Satyagraha, Civil Disobedience movement and quit India Movement. The historic movements like the non-cooperation movement, Dandi March and many others were started under his leadership.
Saheed Bhagat Singh
Saheed Bhagat Singh was one of the most Revolutionary Freedom Fighters of India. Bhagat Singh was born in 1907. He started a revolutionary movement in the country. In 1928, Bhagat Singh was involved in the plot to assassinate police superintendent James Scott, to exact revenge for Lala Lajpat Rai’s death. But the plot failed and Singh fled to Lahore and escaped. After that, he hurled a bomb in Delhi at the Central Legislative Assembly and surrendered himself. He died at the age of 23 by hanging by the Britishers.
Mangal Pandey was a remarkable Indian Freedom Fighter. He was famously known as the Forerunner of the Revolt in 1857 against the Britishers. He was born on 19 July 1827. He was a soldier in the East India Company’s Army. His biggest revolt occurred when a new Enfield rifle was launched in the mid-1850s. They ordered the Indian soldiers to remove the rifle’s cartridges which were rumoured to be lubricated with cow and pig fat. Against this Mangal Pandey and other fellows protested against the Britishers and planned to kill them but later he was arrested by Britishers and sentenced to death.
Shaheed Sukhdev was a remarkable revolutionary and a brave member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association. Sukhdev was born on May 15, 1907. Sukhdev was one of the most important figures in the Country’s Freedom Struggle. Sukhdev has a collaboration with Bhagat Singh and Shivram Rajguru. Sukhdev was accused of involvement in the assassination of John Saunders a British officer. After that, he was caught and hanged at the age of 24 only with Bhagat Singh and Rajguru.
Chandra Shekhar Azad
Chandra Shekar Azad was born on 23 July 1906. Chandra Shekar Azad was Bhagat Singh’s close companion in the Independence struggle. Azad was a part of the Hindustan Republican Association. He was one of the bravest and daring Freedom Fighters of India. Chandra Shekhar Azad promised himself that he would never be caught alive by Britishers, that’s why after killing several enemies, he shot himself.
Shaheed Rajuru was a remarkable revolutionary. Rajguru was born on 24 August 1908. Rajguru was one of the most important figures in the Country’s Freedom Struggle. Rajguru had a collaboration with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev. Rajguru was accused of involvement in the assassination of John Saunders a British officer. After that, he was caught and hanged at the age of 22 only with Bhagat Singh and Sukhdev.
Lala Lajpat Rai
Lala Lajpat Rai was popularly known as Punjab Kesari. Lala Lajpat Rai was one of the Extremists in the India National Congress. Lala Lajpat Rai formed a trio with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Bipin Chandra Pal and the trio is famously known as Lal-Bal-Pal. They all three work together in different revolutionary Activities. Lala Lajpat Rai led the Non-Cooperation movement and the Punjab protest against the Jallianwala incident. He had taken part in the Simon Commission protest where he died due to a lathi charge by the Britishers.
Bipin Chandra Pal
Bipin Chandra pal was a revolutionary leader. He was born on 7 November, 1858. He was a member of a trio with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai and the trio is famously known as Lal-Bal-Pal. He was an important part of the Indian National Congress (INC). Bipin Chandra Pal was in favour of abandonment of Foreign goods and encouraged others to avoid the use of Foreign products. He died in Kolkata, on 20 May 1933.
Bal Gangadhar Tilak
Bal Gangadhar Tilak was a commendable freedom fighter. He was born on July 23, 1856. He was popularly famous for his quote “Swaraj is my birthright”. He was the third member of the trio with Bal Gangadhar Tilak and Lala Lajpat Rai and the trio is famously known as Lal-Bal-Pal.
He had published several newspapers against the British Raj. He was also known as Lokmanya Tilak. He died on 1 August 1920 in Mumbai.
Chittaranjan Das was a very famous National activist. Das was one of the most important figures in the Country’s Freedom Struggle. He was also known as Desh Bandhu. Desh Bandhu referred to the “Friend of the nation”. He was a great person and wrote a lot of poems and articles to be aware of the country’s freedom. He was also very related to the literature society.
Ram Prasad Bismil
Ram prasad bismil was a remarkable Indian Revolutionary. Bismil fought against British colonialism and had a great role in the freedom of the country after a lot of struggles and revolts. He had a freedom desire in his body as well as in their poetry. He was born on June 11, 1897. He was a brave member of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Association and a participant in the kakori train heist, after that the Britishers condemned Bismil to death.